ere’s the good news: Since 2000, more than a billion people around the world have lifted themselves out of extreme poverty. It’s a stunning statistic—and proof that progress is possible.
Even so, we can’t take continued progress for granted. In fact, the evidence suggests we are now at a point where the number of poor people may begin to rise instead of fall.
Changing this trajectory won’t be easy. Most people who have yet to overcome extreme poverty are concentrated in a few countries in sub-Saharan Africa—places where climate change, violent conflict, and instability rob people of opportunity. These countries also tend to be places with extraordinarily young populations. Sub-Saharan Africa’s youth population is projected to go up by 50 percent in the next 30 years.